FutureFarm consortium’s vision of the European agriculture in the future and recommendations on the adoption of knowledge manage

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In the future, European farmers will have to effectively manage information on and off their farms to improve economic viability and to reduce environmental impact. All three levels, in which agricultural activities need to be harmonized with economical and environmental constraints, require integrated ICT adoption: (i) improvement of farm efficiency; (ii) integration of public goods provided by farming into management strategies; (iii) relating to the environmental and cultural diversity of Europe’s agriculture by addressing the region-farm interaction. In addition, the communication between agriculture and other sectors needs improvement. Crop products for the value added chains must show their provenance through a transparent and certified management strategy and farmers receiving subsidies are requested to respect the environment through compliance of standards.
To this end, an integration of information systems is needed to advise managers of formal instructions, recommended guidelines and implications resulting from different scenarios at the point of decision making during the crop cycle. This will help directly with making better decisions as the manager will be helped to be compliant at the point and time of decision making. Precision Farming as well as robotics are very data intensive and provide a wealth of information that helps to improve crop management and documentation.
Three potential scenarios for the Future Farming in EU are the following:
1st option
Continue the reform process while adjusting to the most pressing shortcomings (e.g. more equity in the distribution of direct payments). The whole process takes more time to balance priority in developing farm production between farms, which grows non uniformly location by location of EU. The whole system takes many corrections in adoption time. Development on farm management will be depending more on market needs and farm benefit will be less oriented on EU support and subsidies.  Development and adoption of new technologies used on the farm management and field process have to copy a market needs, sustainable development and farm needs. 
Reform process will continue with support of farms and their production up to 2030 with decreasing amount of budget.       
2nd option
Ensure that CAP becomes more sustainable and targeted; more ‘greening’ measures and innovation. This option will impose more restrictions in farm production, which will be limiting in time for most of farmers in EU to achieve a benefit from field production without modern (expensive) technologies and EU substitutes up to 2030. EU farm production can become expensive even for majority of EU citizens - European open market. This process will start indirectly support competition from non EU farm and supporting import of food no "first class" to EU.  Furthermore, EU farmer will produce less production for EU market but more expensive.   EU supporting budget for farm production will grow up with direct or non-direct payment for third parties.   
3rd option
Focus entirely on environmental and climate change objectives through rural development and innovation; phase out income & price support. This option of future is more free and open to nature development of farm production with focus on marked needs and roll of farm production in sustainable development and farm environment. Common location for intensive farm production will be redistributed to different (new) locations with higher soil and climate potential. Between those new and old locations, support connections will exist on business base. EU subsidies will be decreased up to 2045.
Adoption of Information technologies  for the majority of the farmers in EU in the future will bring changes in their traditions. An open and receptive culture must be nurtured, especially by managers and leaders. Farmers should be willing to share ideas and experiences, and to disseminate and accept new knowledge. Discussion and socialization should be underlined. As there are many differences (economic, social and cultural) between the EU countries it is not expected that the adoption of new technologies to be homogeneous in Europe.  
Precision farming plays important role on the adoption of information technology in agriculture. Farmers involved to precision faming technologies are more flexible to work with computer or to use high technology level in crop production, animal production or farm management. 
Individual farmers could produce knowledge through observation of their own farms. Farm managers can be asked to write reports about new projects, keep record of their progress, and create in this way a small and cost-effective database.  It is necessary to make the knowledge acquisition possible through networking, access to journals, conference proceedings, and to databases. Employees at the farm have to be supported by training; this could include visits to competitors, job rotation and/or apprenticeship. Managers have to participate in discussion forums and interest groups. It is necessary to organize experience swapping sessions, conferences, exhibitions, and seminars with external speakers; distribute the results; and organize informal meetings or social activities of any type. For accomplishing adoption of new knowledge, it is important to involve advisors innovation centers and universities in the farm. 

In the future, European farmers will have to effectively manage information on and off their farms to improve economic viability and to reduce environmental impact. All three levels, in which agricultural activities need to be harmonized with economical and environmental constraints, require integrated ICT adoption: (i) improvement of farm efficiency; (ii) integration of public goods provided by farming into management strategies; (iii) relating to the environmental and cultural diversity of Europe’s agriculture by addressing the region-farm interaction. In addition, the communication between agriculture and other sectors needs improvement. Crop products for the value added chains must show their provenance through a transparent and certified management strategy and farmers receiving subsidies are requested to respect the environment through compliance of standards.

To this end, an integration of information systems is needed to advise managers of formal instructions, recommended guidelines and implications resulting from different scenarios at the point of decision making during the crop cycle. This will help directly with making better decisions as the manager will be helped to be compliant at the point and time of decision making. Precision Farming as well as robotics are very data intensive and provide a wealth of information that helps to improve crop management and documentation.

Three potential scenarios for the Future Farming in EU are the following:

1st option

Continue the reform process while adjusting to the most pressing shortcomings (e.g. more equity in the distribution of direct payments). The whole process takes more time to balance priority in developing farm production between farms, which grows non uniformly location by location of EU. The whole system takes many corrections in adoption time. Development on farm management will be depending more on market needs and farm benefit will be less oriented on EU support and subsidies.  Development and adoption of new technologies used on the farm management and field process have to copy a market needs, sustainable development and farm needs. 

Reform process will continue with support of farms and their production up to 2030 with decreasing amount of budget.       

2nd option

Ensure that CAP becomes more sustainable and targeted; more ‘greening’ measures and innovation. This option will impose more restrictions in farm production, which will be limiting in time for most of farmers in EU to achieve a benefit from field production without modern (expensive) technologies and EU substitutes up to 2030. EU farm production can become expensive even for majority of EU citizens - European open market. This process will start indirectly support competition from non EU farm and supporting import of food no "first class" to EU.  Furthermore, EU farmer will produce less production for EU market but more expensive.   EU supporting budget for farm production will grow up with direct or non-direct payment for third parties.   

3rd option

Focus entirely on environmental and climate change objectives through rural development and innovation; phase out income & price support. This option of future is more free and open to nature development of farm production with focus on marked needs and roll of farm production in sustainable development and farm environment. Common location for intensive farm production will be redistributed to different (new) locations with higher soil and climate potential. Between those new and old locations, support connections will exist on business base. EU subsidies will be decreased up to 2045.

Adoption of Information technologies  for the majority of the farmers in EU in the future will bring changes in their traditions. An open and receptive culture must be nurtured, especially by managers and leaders. Farmers should be willing to share ideas and experiences, and to disseminate and accept new knowledge. Discussion and socialization should be underlined. As there are many differences (economic, social and cultural) between the EU countries it is not expected that the adoption of new technologies to be homogeneous in Europe.  

Precision farming plays important role on the adoption of information technology in agriculture. Farmers involved to precision faming technologies are more flexible to work with computer or to use high technology level in crop production, animal production or farm management. 

Individual farmers could produce knowledge through observation of their own farms. Farm managers can be asked to write reports about new projects, keep record of their progress, and create in this way a small and cost-effective database.  It is necessary to make the knowledge acquisition possible through networking, access to journals, conference proceedings, and to databases. Employees at the farm have to be supported by training; this could include visits to competitors, job rotation and/or apprenticeship. Managers have to participate in discussion forums and interest groups. It is necessary to organize experience swapping sessions, conferences, exhibitions, and seminars with external speakers; distribute the results; and organize informal meetings or social activities of any type. For accomplishing adoption of new knowledge, it is important to involve advisors innovation centers and universities in the farm. 

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