A typology of PF-technologies suitable for farms in the EU nations
Deliverable 7.1 “A typology of Precision Farming Technologies suitable for farms in the EU-nations” focuses on the development of a typology that summarizes and structures the broad and diverse set of techniques constituting precision farming technology. The typology should be applicable to EU-farms. Main characteristics of typologies were extracted and applied to PF. The typology has to cover and is restricted to relevant crops of the EU. Analysis of statistical data from the EU-27 determined cereals and forage plants with about 75 % of arable land to be dominant for EU-farms (reference year 2005). The relevant driving variables PF technologies, farming system (intensity),·cultivation measurements, collection of machine data, time slice for availability of the technique, Global Positioning System (GPS) level and information load for the FMIS (Farm management information system) were identified by a literature review and were used to discriminate and structure PF-technologies. For the application of the typology different starting levels (min, compact, combi) were set up. The typology focuses on two general farm types with different PF application level: Type I is using GPS but no Variable Rate Technology (VRT) technique and type II is using VRT technique. General farm type I has three subtypes (regarding the usage and quality of GPS and the use of robots). General farm type II has five subtypes (regarding the usage and quality of GPS, the usage of sensors, maps or both and the use of robots).
The subtypes of the general farm types are dissected into definite segments regarding the relevant driving variables.