Visions and recommendations for knowledge management

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This report concludes analysis of reports 1.1.1., 1.1.2, 1.2.1 and 1.2.2 and defines vision of future knowledge management system, which has to be  designed and developed by Future Farm. The main focus of recommendation is on a) integration among different levels of farm management systems and b) on the supported tasks that will be required (according to the previously analyzed external drivers and their influence on the three levels of farm management and hence farm knowledge management). The report defines three levels of farm management:  - Macro or external management  - Farm level of management   - Micro of field level management The analysis suggests that the main decisions have to be provided on single farm and Decision Support System has to be built on farm level.  (Then outputs from this decision could be input for decision on field level). But to be able to provide optimal decisions, the system needs to have access to as many knowledge from global level as possible. An identified risk of a unified system that will propose optimal solutions to the farmers and will have access to all required external information is that all farmers will make similar decisions; this could lead to market distortion. A preventing solution to this situation would be the use of suboptimal variants and non deterministic decision methods. The architecture proposed for the system to be designed by FutureFarm is the so called Service Oriented Architecture (SOA). The main advantage of  this architecture is the easy integration of different levels and components of farm management; it allows different applications to exchange data, it supports a loose coupling of services, it can separate functions into distinct units. The integration and communication among the independent components of the system should be based on the implementation of the Open Standards defined mainly by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) and Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS).

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